A bunk bed consists of two twin sized beds stacked one over the over. Like a loft bed, a bunk bed is a great way to make the most of the available space in a small room. The space saving design of bunk beds makes it a favorite choice for children's bedrooms or large dormitories. As to the vertical spacing between the bottom and top bunk, and the top bunk and ceiling, each sleeper should be able to easily sit-up without hitting their head. Generally, there should be at least 30 inches of available headroom. As a kid, these types of beds are the coolest types of bed on the market.
L shaped bunk beds are a popular variation of the traditional bunk bed style. Rather than stacking each bed so their headboards align, an L-shaped bunk bed has the headboards positioned perpendicular to each other with the lower bunk bed extending outward. This creates additional space on the lower bunk level, which is perfect for a night table, small dresser or for a full (double) mattress instead of another twin mattress as the bottom bunk – this is called a full size bunk bed.
Bunk beds with only one bed are a relatively new innovation to the world of bedding. These beds are designed exactly the same way as traditional bunk beds except that there is no bed underneath. Instead, there is either room to create a fort, a desk or small play area for the children. There are also bunk beds that have a ladder to get to the top, but a slide to get to back down.
Since bunk beds are commonly used in children's rooms there are safety precautions which every parent should follow. Guardrails should be attached to all sides of the top bunk, with less than 3 inches between the bottom of the guardrail and the metal or wood bed frame. Guardrails should also extend at least 5 inches above the top of the mattress. The ladder from the floor to the top bunk should be firmly attached to the bed frame. The mattress should fit the bed frame exactly and there shouldn't be any space between the two. A night light should be used so children can see the ladder at night. Lastly, children under 6 years of age should only sleep in the bottom bunk.